The British Society for Psychical Research
(SPR) was founded in 1822.
Professor Henry Sidgwick
The SPR was probably the prototype for other psychical research
Its membership consisted of Professors Henry Sidgwick and
Frederick Myers of Cambridge University, Professor William
Barrett (physicist, from Dublin), Charles Dodgson (whose
pen-name was Lewis Carroll--the author of "The Adventures
of Alice in Wonderland"), Mark Twain, William Gladstone,
Sir Oliver Lodge (physicist), Sigmund Freud, Carl Jung,
Sir William Crookes (physicist, discovered thallium), Sir
Arthur Conan Doyle (physician and author of the "Sherlock
Holmes" mysteries), and Edmund Gurney.
The American Society for Psychical Research
was founded in 1885.
Dr. Joseph Banks Rhine (1895-1980)and his wife, Louisa,
studied psi phenomena at Duke University in North Carolina.
Dr. Rhine was the director of the parapsychology lab at
Duke from 1940 to 1965.
Dr. Rhine coined the term "extrasensory perception". He
divided ESP into these categories: telepathy, clairvoyance,
precognition, and psychokinesis. This
link takes you to a Swedish site that offers information
about Dr. Rhine (in Swedish) and a photo of Dr. Rhine.
Karl Zener, an associate of Dr. Rhine, helped devise the
cards traditionally used to test
Some American psychics have been trained at the British
College of Psychic Studies.
Upton Sinclair (author of "The Jungle")
Sir Oliver Lodge
Aldous Huxley ("Brave New World")
Julian Huxley (biologist)
Haakon Forwald (Sweden)
Gertrude Schmeidler (Psychology, Professor City of New York
S.G. Soal (mathematician)
(Charles Dodgson) A founding member of the SPR
Sir Arthur Conan Doyle
He was a founding member of the SPR; his wife was believed by some people to be a clairvoyant
Mark Twain (Samuel Clemens)
Another founding member of the SPR;
Twain allegedly had a precognitive dream
about his brother's death